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Photography Tutorial


Part I – Gear

The Camera
 -  Focus
 -  Resolution
 -  MegaPixels Vs Print Size
 -  Sharpening

Semi auto settings
 -  Aperture Priority (Av)
 -  Shutter priority (Tv)

Zoom and Focal Length
 -  A Note About Sensor Size

Other Camera Features
 -  Viewfinders
 -  Lens Hood
 -  LCD screen
 -  White Balance

Extra Equipment
 -  Tripod
 -  Cable Release
 -  Filter systems
 -  Polarizer and ND filter
 -  External Flash
 -  Studio Lighting
 -  Reflectors

Part II – Capturing The Scene

Your First Manual Photo
 -  It's All About Exposure
 -  The Light Meter
 -  Exposure Explained
 -  Controlling Exposure

Creative Effects
 -  Aperture and Depth Of Field
 -  DOF Preview
 -  Shutter speed

Putting it all Together
 -  ISO
 -  Ap. & Shutter Relationship
 -  Stop for a minute
 -  So What?
 -  The Bulb Setting

Metering the Scene
 -  18% of Everything

Metering modes
 -  Matrix
 -  Average
 -  Center weighted
 -  Spot or semi-spot

Taking Meter Readings
 -  Expose for your subject
 -  Sunsets and sunrises
 -  Reflecting sun
 -  Night Exposures
 -  Moon
 -  Green Foliage
 -  Bright or White Scenes
 -  Dark or Black Scenes

Understanding Your Histogram
 -  Flash Metering


Lead in The Viewer Eye
 -  Point of Focus
 -  Fill the frame
 -  The Rule of Thirds
 -  Moving Subjects
 -  Print and frame Sizes

Different Styles

Learn by doing
 -  Giving and Getting Critique
 -  Portraits
 -  Groups
 -  Children
 -  Shooting Outdoors
 -  Silhouettes
 -  Macro
 -  Products
 -  Landscapes
 -  Sports and Action
 -  Panning
 -  Rear Sync Flash
 -  Abstract
 -  Long Exposures
 -  Black and White

A few Other Useful Things
 -  Blown Out Skies
 -  Neutral Density Filters
 -  Polarizing Filters
 -  Electronic noise

You're Half Way There!

Part III The Digital darkroom

 -  Computer hardware
 -  Card Reader
 -  Printers
 -  Mouse

Post Processing
 -  The Ethics of Altering
 -  Choosing Your Program

 -  Tutorials

Photoshop Tutorials
 Photoshop Primer
 Saving Your Image
 Adding a Border
 Using Levels
 Using Curves
 The S-Curve
 Correcting White Balance
 Improving Saturation
 The Clone Tool
 Correcting Lens Distortion
 Blending Multiple Images
 Black and White Conversion
 Sepia Conversion
 Reducing Noise
 Cropping for Different Print Sizes
 Working With RAW Files

The Gimp Tutorials
 The Gimp Primer
 Saving Your Image
 Adding a Border
 Using Levels
 Using Curves
 The S-Curve
 Correcting White Balance
 Improving Saturation
 The Clone Tool
 Correcting Lens Distortion
 Blending Multiple Images
 Black and White Conversion
 Sepia Conversion
 Reducing Noise
 Cropping for Different Print Sizes
 Working With RAW Files
<< You're Half Way There! Computer Hardware >>

Part III The Digital darkroom

Part III The Digital darkroom

One of the greatest advantages of going digital is the ability to retouch and enhance your own prints, giving you back control over your pictures.

Many different software packages are available today ranging from free to hundreds of dollars. My favorite two are the industry standard and the leader in open source.

Adobe Photoshop is the market leader and the industry standard in image editing. It will do everything you want and a ton more. At around $600 it's not cheap but it's the best there is, (only available for Windows and Max users). Adobe Elements is Photoshop's little brother and will handle most of your image manipulation requirements at a reduced price tag of around $100. Many of the features in Elements have been locked out but there are services that will unlock some of the more useful features.

Edit: Photoshop CS2 is now available for considerably less due to the release of CS3

My personal choice for number 2 is a free, yes free, program curiously called 'The Gimp' (General (or GNU) Image Manipulation Program). Don't be fooled by the silly name or the price tag, this is a very powerful image editor. The origins of this program are in the open source world where software is made by independent collaboration and licensed under GPL (General Public License). The layout is very different to Photoshop making the transition from one to the other tricky. The tutorials later are easy to follow and cover most of the main image adjustments you'll need to do. It's not Photoshop but having used it for some time, it's the only other program I recommend. There is a version that's been hacked to resemble Photoshop, creating Gimpshop. Unfortunately it's less stable than The Gimp and tends to crash a lot.

The Gimp is available here as a free download from

Make sure you download the right one for your operating system.


You may have your preference to another program and if you're happy with it and understand how it works then stick with it. Lot's of tutorials exist on the internet and I suggest using your favorite search engine to find and go through a few. Post your own tutorials online for other users to try. You can post a review on your most or least favorite software too.

We'll look at preparing an image for print later but manipulating images could be a series of books all in itself!

Tip: Open source does not mean lower quality. For a List of free software that is often every bit as good, and often better, than 'paid for' software have a look here http://www.opensourcelist.org.

Link to this page using this URL http://www.goingmanual.com/tutorials.php?tutid=122&title=Part+III+The+Digital+darkroom

<< You're Half Way There!

Computer Hardware >>

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